Parnassius mnemosyne (Linnaeus, 1758)

Voroneth Dist, S. Russia; 6/1/97 ssp crasspidontis

    Very widespread from Europe east to Eastern Russia and south to Italy in the west and Afghanistan in the east, in mountianous regions. Becoming rare over much of the former Soviet Union. Numerous subspecies have been described. A few European populations are protected. Many ssp are nearly impossible to tell apart.